Mars is the fourth planet from the sun. Named after the Roman god of war, and often described as the “Red Planet” due to its reddish appearance. Mars is a non-inhabited planet with a thin atmosphere composed mainly of carbon dioxide.
1. Olympus Mons, a shield volcano, is 21km high and 600km in diameter. Despite having formed over billions of years, evidence from volcanic lava flows is so recent many scientists believe it could still be active.
2.Mars’ dust storm can last for months on end covering the entire planet. The storms last for months because of its oval shaped path of orbit around the sun this because it is more elongated than the other planets in the solar system.
3.At the closest point to the Sun, the Martian southern hemisphere leans towards the Sun, causing a short, intensely hot summer, while the northern hemisphere endures a brief, cold winter: at its farthest point from the Sun, the Martian northern hemisphere leans towards the Sun, causing a long, mild summer, while the southern hemisphere endures a lengthy, cold winter.
4. Scientist have found traces of martian atmosphere among meteorites they suspect they were violently ejected of Mars and floated around other galactic debris for millions of years, before plummeting back to earth.
5.The ancient Greeks called the planet Ares, after their god of war; the Romans then did the same,putting the planet’s blood-red colour with Mars, their own god of war.